Santa Claus is Comin' to Town--Dolly Parton
Note: Santa and the Thousands Stoop of Light is one of my own seasonal pieces. A version of the children’s Christmas favorite Santa Claus is Comin’ to Town seems like the perfect companion.
I was thinking about Santa Claus the other day. Interesting guy. Interesting story behind how a Fourth Century Bishop from Asia Minor ended up sitting on an elaborate throne in hundreds of American shopping malls posing for pictures with frightened three year olds. But while pondering that mystery, my mind took a left turn down a dusty and forgotten road. It does that sometimes.
My mind drifted back to dark, cold nights in Chicago in the ‘60’s. Not to bustling State Street as it was then with the elaborate holiday windows at Marshall Field and Carson Pirie Scott and the throngs of shoppers jostling on the broad sidewalks as Christmas music played from loudspeakers. No, my mind drifted to the blue collar neighborhoods—the tidy bungalow belts on the Southwest and Northwest Sides, the blocks and blocks of two and three flats jammed cheek to jowl, even to the crumbling, dangerous ghettos on the West and South Sides.
A Polk Brothers Jolly Santa survivor stands his vigil.
Up and down those dark streets thousands and thousands of identical illuminated plastic Santas sprang up every year in the days just after Thanksgiving on front porches and stoops, in postage stamp front yards, on balconies and fire escapes, even on garage roofs. All casting their cheerful, smiling glow onto the soot singed snow. On a lot of blocks almost every home had one.
The Caroling Snowman was originally intended as an alternative for Jewish customer but became a companion to the Jolly Santa on many working class stoops and porches.
From 1964 to 1968 Polk Brothers, a popular local appliance and furniture store chain, gave away the 5” 2’ tall illuminated Jolly Santas with every major purchase. Offered as an alternative was a smiling, Caroling Snowman originally intended for Jewish customers. Many folks came back and added the Snowman in subsequent years. In those four years more than 250,000 of the Santas alone were given away. No wonder they were ubiquitous.
Polk Brothers was the kind of operation that advertised in the Sunday Funnies and on radio and TV. Their stores were not in the Loop but on artery avenues of the neighborhoods themselves. In the days before everyone had a Visa or a Master Charge card and when the snooty downtown department stores were stingy on credit for blue collar families, Polk Brothers trusted their customers to take home the merchandise and pay on time. Ladies in babushkas and men in grimy work clothes would climb on busses after every pay day and count out payments of $5 or $10 to service desks at the stores.
The Polk Brothers with some of their Jolly Santas.
That’s how families whose parents lived in cold water flats and boarding houses, got that refrigerator, color TV set, or the whole suite of living room furniture—sofa, love seat, end tables, coffee tables and lamps—for $199. No wonder they loved Polk Brothers. And Polk Brothers loved them back with all of those free Santas and Snowmen.
It made for such an utterly American Christmas—crass, commercial, to the sophisticated eye vulgar and tasteless, yet full of love and joy, and perhaps most of all hope. The very angels could not have sung on high with greater hope and gladder tidings than those goofy stoop Santas.
Driving down those same streets almost 50 years later you can still sometimes spot a survivor glowing in the dark, his red suit faded, his white beard yellowed, perhaps cracked and even mended with tape. I like to imagine that behind the bungalow door is an old couple who, when their children were babies first put that Santa out. And that maybe, just maybe, he is a beacon now to draw those long grown children and their children and maybe even their children for one more Merry Christmas home.
Many children of the 1950's played copies of the Little Golden Record by The Sandpipers with Mitch Miller and his Orchestra first issued in 1951.
The song Santa Claus is Comin’ to Town was written by John Frederick Coots and Haven Gillespie. It was and was first aired by Eddie Cantor on his radio show in November 1934. It became an instant hit with orders for 500,000 copies of sheet music and more than 30,000 records by banjoist Harry Reser and his band with vocal by Tom Stacks were sold within the first 24 hours.
In the broadcast version Cantor added lyrics encouraging listeners to be charitable and help the less fortunate at Christmas—an apt addition for the depths of the Great Depression. In fact many children went without presents that year and the popularity of the song may have led them to conclude that Santa thought they were naughty or that he simply ignored the wishes of the poor. Some people have criticized the song for the judgmental nature and prying eyes of a seemingly omnipotent old elf and the way parents used the song to blackmail their children into being good. Still, compared to the harsh judgement and punishment threatened by St. Nicholas’s central European companion the Krampus, the song’s Santa seems pretty benign.
Over the years the song has been covered more than 200 times including versions from all of the usual holiday suspect including Gene Autry, Bing Crosby, Andy Williams, and the Carpenters. A stop action animation of Fred Astaire sang it in the Rankin/Bass TV special Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town in 1970.
Noteworthy more recent releases include versions by The Jackson 5 with Michael Jackson in 1971 and a raucous, rowdy version by Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band in 1975 that has become a perennial Christmas radio hit. Mariah Carey and Michael Bublé have had hits. Bublé’s version released in 2011 has become the most-streamed cover of the song on Spotify, with over 104 million streams, as of January, 2019.
But today we are featuring a sprightly version by Dolly Parton from a Christmas TV special taped at her Dollywood amusement park.