Of all the announcement carols Go Tell It On the Mountain is unusual for a number of reasons. It is not European but rooted in the American Black Community and dated to the era when the end of slavery was being celebrated. It is not an announcement by the Heavenly Hosts, but an instruction to a whole people to spread the good word. And because of its connections to the Civil Rights Movement, it doubles as a Christmas carol and a liberation anthem.
Go Tell it on the Mountain.
It has been dated to 1865 and may reflect the widely celebrated moment when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution that abolished slavery went into effect or even earlier to the Watch Night celebrations on New Year’s Eve 1863 of Lincoln’s war-time Emancipation Proclamation.
|An announcement for Watch Night when African-Americans gathered on New
Year's Eve to greet the news of the Emancipation Proclamation. Many
Black churches continue to hold Watch Night services where Go Tell It On the Mountain is commonly sung.|
During the Civil Rights Movement of the ‘50’s and ‘60’s activist/singer Fannie Lou Hamer and perhaps others borrowed the line to “Let my people go!” from the older spiritual Go Down Moses to substitute from the original line “That Jesus Christ is Born!” Drawing on that inspiration Peter, Paul and Mary, who had been active themselves in Southern Civil Rights protests, recorded the song with the Exodus references in 1963 and it became a mid-level single hit for them in 1964.Civil Rights dynamo and song leader Fannie Lou Hamer may have been the first, or one of the first, to change he lyrics to "Let My People Go!"
Today Go Tell It On the Mountain is widely sung as Christmas Carol in both Black and White churches and has been often recorded on holiday albums. It is particularly popular with county music artists including Dolly Parton, Garth Brooks, and even Toby Keith. On the other hand, the “let my people go” versions remain popular with Black performers. People who first hear one or the other are sometimes surprised or shocked to discover the different use. In many Black churches, however, both versions are combined, especially on Watch Night.Broadway star and LGBTQ icon Billy Porter sang the song at the 2021 National Tree Lighting Ceremony in Washington, DC.
Today we will hear the song as a powerful spiritual performed by Billy Porter with the Howard University Gospel Choir on this season’s broadcast of the National Tree Lighting Ceremony. Porter, the Broadway star of Kinky Boots, Emmy winner for Pose on FX, recording artist, and flamboyant cross-dressing fashion icon, represented yet another layer of liberation subtext to the song.